Porcupine – Did You Know…

Image result for image porcupine

… A baby porcupine is called a porcupette?

The porcupine is the prickliest of rodents, though its Latin name means “quill pig.” There are about two dozen porcupine species, and all boast a coat of needle-like quills to give predators a sharp reminder that this animal is no easy meal.

Image result for image dog porcupine

Some quills, like those of Africa’s crested porcupine, are nearly a foot (30 centimeters) long. Porcupines have soft hair, but on their back, sides, and tail it is usually mixed with sharp quills. These quills typically lie flat until a porcupine is threatened, then leap to attention as a persuasive deterrent. Porcupines cannot shoot them at predators as once thought, but the quills do detach easily when touched.

Many animals come away from a porcupine encounter with quills protruding from their own snouts or bodies. Quills have sharp tips and overlapping scales or barbs that make them difficult to remove once they are stuck in another animal’s skin. Porcupines grow new quills to replace the ones they lose.

The porcupines found in North and South America are good climbers and spend much of their time in trees. Some even have prehensile (gripping) tails to aid in climbing. The North American porcupine is the only species that lives in the U.S. and Canada, and is the largest of all porcupines. A single animal may have 30,000 or more quills. North American porcupines use their large front teeth to satisfy a healthy appetite for wood. They eat natural bark and stems, and have been known to invade campgrounds and chew on canoe paddles. North American porcupines also eat fruit, leaves, and springtime buds.

Other porcupine species live in Africa, Europe, and Asia. These animals usually live on the ground and can inhabit deserts, grasslands, and forests.

Female porcupines have between one and four young, depending on the species. Babies have soft quills at birth, which harden within a few days. Most young porcupines are ready to live on their own at about two months of age.

Type: Mammal
Diet: Herbivore
Average life span in the wild: 5 to 7 years
Size: Head and body, 25 to 36 in (60 to 90 cm); Tail, 8 to 10 in (20-25 cm)
Weight: 12 to 35 lbs (5 to 16 kg)
Group name: Family
Size relative to a teacup:
Illustration of porcupine compared with adult man

 

Image result for image baby porcupine

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28 thoughts on “Porcupine – Did You Know…

  1. Fun facts! Good to know, you learn something new everyday! I’m going to start calling my shorkie Brandy, a porcupette, because she won’t stop chewing on our furniture and windowsills!!

    Liked by 1 person

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