#atozchallenge – D for Did You Know and Diamond

But not the sparkly kind but the rocky one: Diamond Head on Oahu in Hawaii. Diamond Head is a volcanic tuff cone on Oahu and known to Hawaiians as Lē’ahi, most likely from Lae “brow ridge, promontory” plus “ahi” (tuna) because of its shape as the shape of the ridge line resembles the shape of the dorsal fin of a tuna. It’s English name “Diamond Head” was given by British sailors in the 19th century, who thought the calcite crystals on the adjacent beach were diamonds…There’s a popular hike to the top from where you have great views of Honolulu and surroundings.

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Milk – Did You Know…

… That Milk is one of the best drinks to hydrate again when dehydrated? I was suprised to hear that as for me it was the “drink water” approach and in intense cases add electrolytes to the mix. Most of us have heard that drinking eight glasses of water a day to stay hydrated is the way to go, but there is surprisingly little data to support this advice.

Now, a new “beverage hydration index” provides evidence-based suggestions for how to most efficiently hydrate. The index was developed from a British study published in December that tracked how long 13 common beverages remain in the body after being consumed.

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Pluviophile – Did You Know…

Image result for image rain

…That a Pluviophile is a lover of rain; someone who finds joy and peace of mind during rainy days?

Me neither. It’s been a dry winter so far over here and I honestly miss a having a rainy day, one of those where it simply doesn’t stop raining and is grey and dark-ish all day long. When you sit inside and hear the rain drops fall on the roof, see the splash in the little puddles outside. It’s calming. It makes you relax and do things differently.

But there are some more facts about rain, so bare with me…

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Mountain Goat – Did You Know…

Image result for mountain goat image

… That the Rocky Mountain goat, is a large hoofed mammal endemic to North America. A subalpine to alpine species, it is a sure-footed climber commonly seen on cliffs and ice. Despite its vernacular name, it is not a member of Capra, the genus that includes all other goats, such as the wild goat from which the domestic goat is derived.

Both male and female mountain goats have beards, short tails, and long black horns, 15–28 cm (5.9–11.0 in) in length. The horns, just like trees, contain yearly growth rings. Mountain goats are protected from the elements by their woolly white double coats. Their fine, dense wool of the undercoats is covered by an outer layer of longer, hollow hairs. Mountain goats molt in spring by rubbing against rocks and trees. There seems to be a system in this as the adult males shedding their extra wool first and the pregnant females last. Their coats help them to withstand winter temperatures as low as −50 °F (−46 °C) and winds of up to 100 mph (160 km/h).

A billy (the male mountain goat) stands about 1 m (3.3 ft) at the shoulder to the waist and can weigh considerably more than the nanny (the female mountain goat). It varies around 30% more in some cases. Male goats also have longer horns and longer beards than females. The weight is anywhere between 45 and 140 kg (99 and 309 lb), and billies will often weigh less than 82 kg (181 lb). The head-and-body length can range from 120–179 cm (47–70 in), with a small tail adding 10–20 cm (3.9–7.9 in).

The mountain goat’s feet are well-suited for climbing steep, rocky slopes with pitches exceeding 60°, with inner pads that provide traction and cloven hooves that can spread apart. The tips of their feet have sharp dewclaws that keep them from slipping. They have powerful shoulder and neck muscles that help propel them up steep slopes. If you have spent time in the mountains you most likely have seen mountain goats in action. Most likely from far. I always found it amazing to watch them climb with ease.

And now you probably wonder what made me share all of this about mountain goats. Well, honestly this scene form “Brother Bear”. And a discussion we had about mountain goats the other day in the car…